The various SHARE projects have brought about improvements for the community in different areas. The projects also brought about a notable increase in the quality of life of the communities involved, reduced costs, interoperability and the creation of new industries in the target areas.
Bridging the digital divide in remote rural areas: A Universal Playground for Children (2010)
Centered in Bario, a remote rural location on the island of Borneo, this project wanted to explore opportunities to deploy ICT that can bring about the social development and to enable rural communities to have equal access to ICTs, specifically the Internet. This is a strategy to discover innovative ways to position ICT as an enabler for community growth and development, specifically for remote rural communities. VSAT (communication system) was established which allowed the Internet connectivity to a community- run telecenter. Power was supplied by photo-voltaics (solar system) with computers on a local area network in both the telecenter and village.
The project also aimed to provide opportunities for young children from remote rural communities to use ICT in a safe and friendly virtual environment. The educational programme chosen for deployment was one initiated by NPO Pangaea Japan, created on the basis of exposing children to multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-ethnic communities through the use of web-based Universal Playground environment. This international digital playground concept in the content structure, created unique opportunities for children and members of the community to participate in a year-long series of activities to build their understanding, awareness and confidence in intercultural communication with children from other countries (Japan, South Korea, Kenya and Austria). It was seen that Bario children may benefit substantially if inter-cultural activities are localized to encourage and motivate them to participate more actively in cross-cultural communication.
The end product of this project is a conceptual blueprint to deploy a localized educational programme, relevant to the needs of remote rural community children, and duplicable when extended at other rural communities which are currently working with the CoERI (the Center of Excellence for Rural Informatics) in UNIMAS.
Technology enhanced solutions for remote rural communities in Malaysia to Facilitate Development of Learning and Preservation of Local Knowledge and to Create Health Awareness and Practices for Healthy Living (2011)
This project was a continuation of a pilot project which began in 2010 and proposed to implement a multifaceted approach to provide efficient technology enhanced solutions for remote rural communities in Sarawak, Malaysia. Specifically, the objectives of the project were to establish optical LAN infrastructure for schools and health clinics; to develop an e-education solution which serves as a digital learning repository to complement formal teaching and learning experiences of the school community, Ba’kelalan, Long Lamai and Larapan Island; and to propose a sustainable health check system for use by community members in these identified remote rural communities in Sabah and Sarawak.
The introduction of the optical LAN infrastructure was an important linkage which enabled two solutions, e-Education and e-Health, to be developed in these remote rural areas. The e-Education solution aimed to design and develop a digital repository in five areas of interest: health sciences, ICT, communication, living skills and indigenous knowledge and culture. The e-Health check system was introduced to children and young adults in the community to raise awareness about regular health checks which needed to be performed periodically to detect and monitor common illnesses.
The projects provided a neatly packaged solution for the remote rural community in Bario to take advantage of current ICT provisions as a strategic way to improve and enhance the quality of teaching and learning in Bario. Children also participated as mini-researchers using relevant ICT tools.
In terms of e-health, participants learned how to create a health check database, which records weight, height and blood pressure levels of people in the local community. With the availability of a systematic database of information, dissemination of important health information and interventions can be deployed in a more strategic and sustainable manner.
Promotion of e-local community with ICT solution (2009)
This project studied methods to improve healthcare services in Tanah Datar, West Sumatera, Indonesia. The project established “the Health checkup service” which allows automatic collection of the height, weight and blood pressure data from measuring instruments, putting them into a database. “The Healthcare contents Distribution Services” provided prevention for epidemic diseases such as Pandemic Influenza and dengue fever.
Throughout the project, clinics, schools and governmental agencies in Tanah Datar Regency were networked and connected to each other over the Wi-Fi system and optical LAN. As a result of the implementation of the applications, improvement of administrative services were observed and recognized among residents and local government agencies.
Exploration of ICT’s Potential in Peat land Environmental Conservation to Address Climate Change (2011)
Promotion of e-environmental community with ICT solution in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia (2012)
These projects were initiated to address the social issue of the restoration and conservation of peat land which was environmentally destructed the execution of the Mega Rice Project. As the countermeasure to restore the peat land, it was found that simplified dams on the canals to maintain the water levels of the peat land would have to be constructed in order to avoid peat fire from occurring. However, researchers had to personally access the dam sites for observation and information or data gathering.
The projects established a remote monitoring system and allowed for the collection of data at the Data Center without access to the actual site. The projects also familiarized young researchers with the remote monitoring system and enhanced their understanding, knowledge and skills about ICT technologies.
A Broadband Farm to Market Ecosystem for Fisherfolk Communities (2010)
The “A Broadband Farm to Market Ecosystem for Fisherfolk Communities” project was a continuation of the study conducted in 2009 to explore the technologies and protocol as needed with a view to designing the implementation (on a pilot scale) of an open access broadband farm to market ecosystem.
This project covered activities leading to the pilot deployment and development of a network of sensors, field servers, ICT telecenters and knowledge management systems aimed at enabling a fully functioning research, social, economic and educational ecosystem centered around the tilapia raising industry of a well-organised community of fisher folks in the Seven Lakes of San Pablo City, Laguna, Philippines.
Aiming to reduce fish kill caused by oxygen deficiency in the Taal Lake in Batangas, the project succeeded in constructing a sensor network that measures and supervises the dissolved oxygen level, temperature and transparency of the water.
Apart from that, the project also built a knowledge database that contributes to market growth and the training of young fisher folk.
Broadband wireless for disaster operations: resilient networks and reconfigurable information systems for rapidly deployable disaster response (2012)
In response to natural disasters such as typhoons, DOST-ICTO and the Ateneo de Manila University spent a considerable time looking for various ways to address communication problems resulting from damaged communication networks caused by natural disasters. In times of calamities, there is a need for immediate communication of information in order to minimize damage and loss of human life, and to provide evacuation updates and other vital information to those concerned.
The project envisaged the design of a BBW (broadband wireless) network that is very resilient and rapidly deployable for quick end to end information flow from affected areas right up to the war room. The system has to be able to carry effective broadband content, to prepare communities, especially persons with disabilities (PWDs), during the critical pre-disaster planning and preparation periods, and for effective response immediately upon the onset of disasters and over the long term recovery effort.
Heterogenous Wireless Sensor Network Monitoring Water Condition for Strengthening Aquaculture Industry in Vietnam
The “Heterogenous Wireless Sensor Network Monitoring Water Condition for Strengthening Aquaculture Industry in Vietnam” project addressed strengthening the aquaculture industry by applying ICT technology in monitoring data and sharing knowledge.
A heterogenous wireless sensor network which supports monitoring water condition in various demands from aquaculture industry was developed. Wireless technology was used to support the transmission monitoring of data. All monitoring data was collected to a center server which all parties can access their data over the internet. Following this, it was proposed to the various stakeholders so that they would connect and share in the experiment.
Prototype devices were developed and were deployed in different farms. The farmers were shown how to access the data, and they were also guided to adjust their system based on the monitoring data. Initial feedback has been positive, and farmers are keen on understanding how to farm efficiently and how they can improve their system. The project was also beneficial for engineers who said that the monitoring data is valuable for them to understand farmers’ issues and to advise them as well.